What Is Autism?
Autism spectrum disorder (ASD) and
autism are both general terms for a group of complex disorders of brain
development. These disorders are characterized, in varying degrees, by
difficulties in social interaction, verbal and nonverbal communication
and repetitive behaviors. They include autistic disorder, Rett syndrome,
childhood disintegrative disorder, pervasive developmental disorder-not
otherwise specified (PDD-NOS) and Asperger Syndrome. ASD can be
associated with intellectual disability, difficulties in motor
coordination and attention and physical health issues such as sleep and
gastrointestinal disturbances. Some persons with ASD excel in visual
skills, music, math and art.
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